Component A: Institutions, Policy and Legislation
Component A is divided into four work streams covering institutional and organisational development, policy development, legislation and regulations, and economic and financial instruments.
On a national level the Egyptian Solid Waste Management Regulatory Agency (WMRA) will be established under the Ministry of Environment (MoE) to take charge developing and managing the SWM sector in an effective, efficient and sustainable manner. This reform is essential to protecting public health, the quality of the environment, as well as developing a new sector of the economy and creating new jobs. This will send a strong signal for investors in the sector.
At governorate level institutional structures also need to be significantly improved so that projects and programs can be managed, implemented and sustained by Governorates and Municipalities in a decentralised way.
In 2013, H.E. the Minister of Environment developed a Think Tank of prominent waste experts tasked with developing a vision for the national solid waste management policy. The policy think tank developed the foundation of the national policy by identifying the main principles and objectives of the policy.
In 2014 the National Strategic Directives for Waste Management were developed through a nationwide consultation process and submitted to the Ministry. It was first presented during the Second Egyptian Solid Waste Management Forum in November 2014.
A Waste Framework Law is currently under preparation to establish a comprehensive framework for the handling of waste across Egypt, promoting reuse, recycling, and recovery within a waste management hierarchy. It will provide a framework for the waste management sector development, aimed at the whole waste cycle from generation to disposal. The new law will regulate all waste streams and take into account the general environmental protection principles of precaution and sustainability, technical feasibility and economic viability, protection of resources as well as the overall environmental, human health, economic and social impacts.
A number of subsidiary regulations relating to the management, transport, treatment and disposal of waste will be developed and implemented.